Brief note on the life of Sheikh Saadi

Introduction.

Al Mighty Allah has created limited people who achieved good names due to their good manners and actions. Sheikh Saadi is one of those people who performed many heroic deeds in his life and achieved a good name in this world. The people always benefit from his good deeds and heroic deeds. When the ILKHANI king attacked Iran and burned Iranian houses down, he destroyed mosques, schools/colleges and burned libraries/literature. Furthermore, ILKHANI also brutally killed eminent men and scholars. In those days, Allah has blessed the Iranian people with Sheikh Saadi (RA).

Ashraf Ud Din Mosleh Ud Din Saadi was born in the city of Shiraz in Iran. His exact date of birth is unknown, however modern Iranian history writers say that Saadi was born in 1184 AD. C. and died between 691 and 694 d. H. his father was an official of the Governor of Shiraz. The historian says that Sheikh Saadi has spent his life in four parts. Sheikh Saadi studied for 30 years, then traveled the world for 30 years, then spent 30 years writing books and poetry, and the rest of his life was spent in seclusion and theosophy. He socially served his people through his books and publications.

Sheikh Saadi’s primary and higher education.

Sheikh Saadi belongs to a cultured family from Shiraz who were famous for their learning. He took his early education from his father. Unfortunately, his father passed away in his childhood and she was unable to continue studying with him.

Sheikh Saadi got higher education from the renowned and famous teachers of Shiraz after the death of his father. He traveled to Baghdad to further his education and received higher education from Sheikh Shahab Ud Din Saharwardi,

Sheikh Saadi’s journey.

Sheikh Saadi left Baghdad when he realized that the ruthless and brutal King Halako Khan had destroyed the Islamic state of Baghdad with his brutal acts. He traveled to Syria, Palestine, Mecca, Medina (KSA), Asia and North Africa. He performed fourteen Hajj during his journey. Some of BOSTAN’s stories reveal that he also visited Turkistan and Hindustan. An English historian writes that Saadi is the second biggest tourist in the East after Ibn-e-Batota. He faced problems during his various trips. Once, Saadi gets angry with the people of Damascus. He left Damascus and headed for the deserts of Palestine where the Christians arrested him and imprisoned him with Jewish prisoners. Saadi approached all the problems of life with courage and bravery. He never complained about his problem.

Sheikh Saadi was expressive and fluid in explaining his expressions. He always used fluent, expressive and emphasized words in his prose and poetry, which affects the hearts of the readers. Saadi explained his problems in a better way to guide followers and readers. He was always grateful to Al-Mighty Allah and advised his companions to become patient during conditions of stress and tension.

Love with Native People.

Saadi loved his native land very much, which is reflected in his poetry. He left his hometown of Shiraz due to the cruel rule of Muzafar Uddin Saad bin Zangi and worse public order situation. He returned to his hometown after a long time when Saad bin Zangi died and his son Muzafar Uddin Abu Bakar bin Abu Saad bin Zangi took over the kingdom in 1236 AH. Muzafar Uddin Abu Bakar pledged himself to the TATARIAN tribe for peace. In this way, he managed to keep the peace in Persia and saved his people from mass destruction.

Tendency to Sufism.

Sheikh Saadi was a very talented scholar and he liked scholars in general and religious scholars in particular. Despite his abilities and epistemic qualities, he was influenced by Sufi and adopted Sufism. Saadi used his prose and poetry for constrictive and amelioration public works. He guided leaders, kings and rulers through his poetry. Ali bin Ahmad is a renowned religious scholar (who formed/assembled Kulayat-e-Saadi) says that Sheikh Saadi was very brave and courageous. Furthermore, he narrated that Saadi has courageously expressed and communicated his point of view to everyone, including the rulers of his time. Saadi was very talented from childhood. He was popular among the people due to his sincerity. He was respected by everyone due to his good manners and positive attitude.

Death of Sheikh Saadi.

Saadi was very popular with the people. Once the King of Multan invited Saadi to visit India, but Saadi apologized. Saadi’s health condition weakened in those days and he preferred to live in Shiraz (his hometown). He died in Shiraz in 691 AH and was buried there. His tomb is known as MAZAR-E-SADIA.

Saadi Publications.

Saadi is famous for his unique writing style in prose and poetry. His books and publications are famous all over the world, in particular GULISTAN, BOSTAN and Kulayat-e-Saadi. BOSTAN is one of the best books and it was written in 1257 AD and contains the following topics:

  1. Justice

  2. Characteristics of kindness

  3. force of love

  4. Humility and Humility

  5. Advantages of Contentment

  6. Education

  7. Advantages of Saying Thanks to Allah Al Mighty

  8. regret and regret

  9. Invocation and Prayers

GULISTAN-E-SAADI is another beautiful book of unique and true stories. Said book was written in 1258 AD but formulated and published after his death. The highlights of the book are as follows:-

1.Monarch Characters

2. Darwaish Characters

3. Advantages of Humility

4. Advantage of silence

5.Youth and Love

6. old age

7. Effects of education

8. Company etiquette