Teaching Children to Read and Spell – Learning Objectives for Teaching the First Six Sounds

When teaching children to read and spell in the early years, the most effective method, as recommended by every government report for the last decade, is a ‘systematic phonics’ approach combined with blended activities to promote phonological awareness.

If parents are teaching their own children to read, write and spell at home, they can choose a ‘starter set of speech sounds’, for example the sounds chosen in the popular synthetic phonics program Jolly Phonics. These sounds are s, a, t, i, p and n, and children are taught to hear speech sounds in words and to recognize these ‘speech sound pictures’ as a way of representing this speech sound. For example, that ‘s’ is a sound image for the speech sound ‘sss’ (there are 8)

Why start with this particular group of speech sounds? This is because the word ‘sat’, for example, can be ‘pronounced’ for reading as well as spelling, allowing children to quickly learn to read, write and spell words using only those letters, for example tan , tin, pan, pat, sit, sat. , in in. With the introduction of a few ‘hard’ words, children can read, write and spell complete sentences in no time, eg I, was, the. Readers can be made so that children actually ‘read’ picture books. Many are available online for free to non-profit organizations such as Fantastic Phonics and SPELD SA.

When parents know what their children need to know before moving on to learn new sound images (letter sounds), the following list can help them, like a “checklist”. By using this checklist, parents can ensure that the child has understood the important concepts and can demonstrate the skills required for early acquisition of reading and spelling, i.e. code knowledge, blending, segmentation, and phoneme manipulation.

When children can decode a word, they can begin to learn its meaning. Fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary come after decoding. If a child cannot figure out the word (ie read the word) she cannot begin to understand it within sentences. If she can’t hear speech sounds, she can’t encode (spell new words) easily. So parents should focus first on teaching children how to decode, and then expand their teaching to include fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary. However, as you can see from the list below, this can happen very quickly, and these additional skills (fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension) will be incorporated into instruction along with phonics and phonemic awareness training.

At the end of the initial speech sound group, the children should be;

* ‘hear’ speech sounds in words – beginning, middle end

* recognize printed sound images and know which speech sound they correspond to.

* form letters correctly (this is possibly less important than the other concepts, before they start school as they can ‘spell’ words and form sentences using magnetic letters etc.)

* match the sounds of speech orally into words, and as they ‘read’ the sound images into words on paper (knowing they do so from left to right)

* ‘read’ words by decoding the sound images from left to right and combining the sounds into words, also exploring what the word means and how we use it in our language.

* ‘spell words by hearing the speech sounds in order – and (next step) knowing how to order/combine them on paper (using letters and also forming the letters themselves – you can use a pencil and also the keyboard with lowercase letters)

* ‘read’ the words (sat, it, at, in, pin, tin, sit, pat, nip, spin, tan, etc.) and then understand the meaning of the word and the sentence if the words are written inside a sentence (and in this case knowing that we read the words from left to right)

* learn some ‘tricky’ words, eg ‘I’ ‘was’ ‘the’ – to recognize as sight words

They will also be able to read sentences, using online decodable readers with these sound sets (also initial sound set in Jolly Phonics).

Whats Next?

If they are ready, they can move on to digraphs, learning that 2 or more sounds can make a new sound (s, h and sh- 3 sounds) You can use bold text to show children where the ‘chunks’ are in words- or ‘Sound Pictures’. So the store would be shown to have 3 sounds and 3 sound images: sh+o+p.

After the first set of speech sound pictures, children can go on to learn that sounds in our spoken language can be represented in a variety of ways (f could be ff as in gruff, ph as in phone, etc.)

And that some sounds on paper can represent more than one sound in our language -ay- like cow or trailer.

Parents should focus heavily on speech sounds at first to develop phonological awareness, rather than print. When we start with what children can do, that is, talk, then it is easier for them to understand how to crack the code. When they are encouraged to listen to speech sounds in words and to know where they are placed, it is easier for children to learn that there are ‘sound pictures’ that are simply pictures of speech sounds. So ‘s’ is simply a paper representation of the sound ‘s’, and so they can be called ‘sound pictures’ to make it easier for children to understand the concept. Even from a young age, children can learn to hear how many sounds are in words, even if they have not been presented with the picture yet. For example, hearing that ‘ship’ has 3 voice sounds and would therefore have 3 voice sound images. Then I would draw 3 lines on paper and kids can figure out which sound image is on which line to build the word.

Teaching your child to read and spell early is one of the best gifts you can give your child. It should be fun and help develop a love of learning and words. The Reading Whisperer is often heard telling parents, “Being able to read and spell even before they start school will give them greater self-confidence, and they can start ‘reading to learn’ much earlier than most children.” other children, who are still ‘learning to read'”.

What parent wouldn’t want that for their child?

The land of OZ and the land of Babel

What do the Land of Oz and the land of Babel have in common? Is it the dazzling flash of blinding brilliance of shimmering silver and gold? How about the horse of a different color? Maybe it’s the tower of Oz and the tower of Babel? The Wizard occupied the tower of Oz and Nimrod occupied the tower of Babel, yes? Both rulers were feared and adored by their people. Isn’t that a similarity? Both were the center of their respective cities. Were they also cursed for their spectacular abundance of brilliance and wealth or were they praised by the Most High? One witch threatened a town while the other was held in blasphemy. What about the metropolis of our time… the labyrinth in which we reside? Is there a lesson to learn? Could we mortal mothers possibly understand the teachings of children?

Take a lesson…

On Friday the 27th of 2011, my granddaughter, Gianni, participated in a Kindergarten play/production. The school he attends is a Christian academic institution. The caricature of her was “Glinda” the good witch of the north. Needless to say, the story was from the 1939 book and movie, “The Wizard of Oz.” The Children did an excellent performance. The audience was also very kind… parents and grandparents, and other spectators enjoyed the show. The cast of characters was spectacular. Children aged five, six, and possibly seven years old paraded down the yellow brick path with tattered paper, which circled the auditorium/gymnasium and dining room. Cameras of all kinds took, recorded and appeared from everywhere. The fear of missing out on the nostalgia (and memory) of the moment swept through the air like a sale at the JC Penny clearance show. The excitement could be felt from the top of the building to the bottom.

Finally, the curtain parted to reveal the creative geniuses to the anxious audience. The thunder of applause and the gasp of amazement gave way to non-descript cries from the mothers, grandmothers, aunts, sisters and cousins: the ‘men’ simply smiled with approval and pride.

The cast of characters was made up of ‘Jymeer’, ‘Rebecca’, ‘Jacqueline’, ‘Timothy’, ‘Bret’, ‘Anwar’, ‘Morgan’, ‘Christian’, ‘Joey’, ‘William’. ‘Amanda’, ‘Raya’, ‘Evelyn’, ‘Ameer’, ‘John’, ‘Gianni’, ‘Zephorah’ and ‘Davaughn’ were just amazing! Many of us are aware, through the movie (and possibly the book), of the exploits of “Tin Woodsman”, “Scarecrow”, “the Cowardly Lion”, “Dorothy” and “Toto”. Do you remember the goodness of “Glinda” and the “Munchkins” happy, cheerful and gratefully released? How about the sneaky, cunning, boisterous “Wizard/Professor Marvel”? Didn’t Auntie Em’s complacency (Uncle Henry scratched his head) annoy you when Dorothy tried to say something to her?

He made many attempts to convey the fact that “Something evil is coming this way!” But they wouldn’t listen, would they? They all thought “this girl is crazy!” It took events to happen for them to perhaps understand that everything we need, whether it’s relationships, financial stability, livelihood, and yes… life itself, begins with faith in God, and not faith in Man or God. Idiot. It is God who placed us all on the path of the “yellow brick road” of life. He is up to us to do the right things and love one another…yet we judge and criticize while we are the ones to be judged.

The characters in the story had to follow the Yellow Brick Road to reach the Wizard. They sought out the Wizard to fulfill their wish(s) for him. The road to perdition is flawed – you wouldn’t get there…it’s a dead end. The deep, dark soil of the forest is dangerous. It is full of falsehoods, anti-gods, demons, devils and witches. The ‘Wicked Old Witch’ tried to kill, destroy and prevent the group of good intentions from achieving her dreams and desires. Could we equate the “Yellow Brick Road” with the road to salvation? Isn’t it quoted in the Bible that it was Jesus who said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me?” (John 14:6) Where are you headed in this world of Metropolis?

Which path do you use to reach your desired destination? How about the way of war, invasion and annihilation? Didn’t it take ‘Glinda’, the good witch, the guardian angel who watches over the company, to keep them on the right track?

The Scarecrow searched for a brain in the land of Oz. Wouldn’t he agree that God gave us all a brain with the potential for great wisdom? “If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives to all generously and without fault, and it will be given to him.” (James 1:5)

The Tin Woodman wanted a heart. What would you do if you had no heart? Every day people do not show love for each other. What happened to “We The People”? Politicians constantly attack what they disagree on: the president wishes good things for the people of this American metropolis, while his colleagues focus on hate, wealth, lust and contempt. Is it possible for God to change the hatred in the hearts of men and women? “I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take away from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh.” (Ezekiel 36:26)

The Lion wanted courage. Do we derive our value from the knowledge of God? Isn’t he the one who is always with us, protecting us? When we begin to understand this and create and practice courage, the more courage we will have to sustain our own existence on this planet to stand up for what is right, regardless of the enemy or the challenge. “Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or frightened because of them, for the Lord your God goes with you; he will never leave you or forsake you.” (Deuteronomy 31:6)

Dorothy wanted to go home. “There is no place like home!” Your home is your castle, no one dares to disrespect you, right? I wonder…with all the foreclosures, relocations, bankruptcies, floods, insurance schemes and scams, hunger and job loss after job loss; politicians want to eradicate Social Security, Unemployment Insurance, Unions, Medicare, Medicaid, Food Stamps, and Welfare while shipping our jobs overseas to enrich us (avoiding the tax man with shelters and low overhead, it’s i.e. decent wages for workers). They don’t want to contribute their fair share while supporting the tax increase for you and me. They tell you your future is secure… “just anti-increase your contributions – we need your money” – it doesn’t matter if you receive UC, SS or any other supplemental or residual income… it’s TAXABLE! The only power is OPM (Other Peoples Money). There is no place like home…? I don’t think I’ll live anywhere other than the good old USA – what are they doing to people in other countries? Do you remember Zarganar? What about the atrocities happening in Mother Africa, Asia, Egypt, and oh yes, throughout the Middle East, as well as a few other unmentionable societies? It is said that we have the perfect home waiting for us in heaven, while we shit on it. This world IS NOT OUR HOME – WE ARE ONLY RENTERS – WE ARE HERE TEMPORARILY! “But we are citizens of heaven, where the Lord lives, OUR GOD (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Buddhist and any other religious denomination).” (Philippians 3:20)

Let me tell you about Babel… the Earth, the Tower.

“Come, let us build a tower whose top reaches to the stars! And on the top of the tower we will write the words: Great is the World and its Creator! And great is Man!”

But the minds that had conceived the tower of Babel could not build it. The task was too big. So they hired labor in exchange for wages. But the hands that built the tower of Babel knew nothing of the dream of the brain that had conceived it. Thousands upon thousands sweated, bled and died. One man’s hymns of praise became another man’s curses. People spoke the same language, but they couldn’t understand each other…

The head and the hands were not in cohesion, one dominating the other subjective. Great is the world and its Creator and great is Man – “The Head and the hands needed a mediator!”

The brain behind the dream was unable to control/contain the hired hand(s)… and began to sow discord between the head and the hand(s) – divide and rule. Lust and the desire to contain and control – repress, oppress, possess and cause hatred… soon caused the tower to crumble and crumble – into the dust from which it came.

Pay attention and be careful (powers that be)… the seven deadly sins (anger, greed, sloth, pride, lust, envy and gluttony) – Greed is the main practice of many governments and their so-called leaders – greed, lust and gluttony. Does all this sound familiar to you… lately? The prominent lifestyles of the rich, the famous, the political beggars and the warmongers will be their/their/our downfall. These symptoms have occurred numerous times, have they not?

“Let the workers do as they please… let those in the deep use force and do evil, so that we may be justified in using force against them… behold a New Order!” World!”

Among us, a mediator whose number is forty-four. They will try to destroy (our) belief in him. Who is the heart? Peace be your name (some call Yashua, Jesus and the Christ). “O mediator, show them (head and hands) the way to each other…!”

The children continue to show us the way. Ask them if the skin color of their friend(s) matters – watch them play, sing, eat, run, sleep, laugh and hug for no reason or reason – see them entertain with their genius and zeal, the cohesion of love, faith and mutual trust while being protected from evil, animosity and hate in this land between Oz and Babel.

Take a lesson.

Until next time…

Marble and Granite Products – Working Wonders in Home Construction

Marble and granite products have been used in house construction since ancient times. Its elegance and beauty has been creating magnificent interiors and exteriors for all types of residential, commercial and palatial buildings for centuries. These natural stone products provide multiple benefits during home construction and even after. In addition to beauty and elegance, they offer excellent durability and require less construction time.

Marble and Granite Products for Every Need

During home construction, people need various types of stone products to meet essential and decorative needs. The wide range of options in marble and granite products makes it easy for homeowners or builders to choose the type of products that are most appropriate for them.

From flooring to commercial and residential buildings, people can find marble and granite products for their kitchen, bathrooms, and backyard gardens. The use of marble tiles on floors is the most popular trend in home flooring. Marble tiles come in various colors and textures, giving you more options. They are the most elegant option for beautiful and durable floors.

Granite countertops are the most essential ingredient for the construction of any modular kitchen. Today, people can’t even imagine having a kitchen without granite countertops. Due to its essential attributes, granite acts as the most suitable element to be used in modern kitchens. Granite is also used for flooring, but it is a bit more expensive than marble. Therefore, it is preferred by people who have no problem exceeding the construction budget.

Marble and granite products rule not only in interior finish but also in exterior finish of residential and commercial buildings. There are some products that are widely used in the exterior finishing of houses. Lightweight stone panels, stone cladding, and marble statues are among the most in-demand construction elements for the exterior finish of homes. Most commercial buildings today have exteriors made of lightweight stone panels. It is useful to improve the visual appearance of the building and protect it from heat.

Marble, granite, limestone and sandstone products are becoming popular day by day among people due to easy availability and low prices (due to intense competition among marble product manufacturers). Having a house that looks wonderful is no longer a secret. Anyone can have it if they use the elegance of marble and granite products in their home construction plan.

Invest in bank guarantee (BG) or SBLC: choose the best

There are many entrepreneurs who invest in various banking instruments like Bank Guarantees or Standby Letters of Credit and make a lot of profits with these types of banking instruments. However, there are so many people or entrepreneurs who still have no idea to invest in bank instruments like BG OR SBLC.

First, let’s understand what SBLC and bank guarantee is used for.

What is SBLC?

The standby letter of credit or SBLC is a payment guarantee that is also called a documentary letter of credit issued by a bank on behalf of a client if the client does not fulfill a contractual commitment with a third party in accordance with the terms and conditions of the letter. of credit. The SBLC is known to be the savior of people who fall into a big disaster. Unless the situation is very critical, no one normally uses an SBLC. This is why it is called a payment of last resort.

An SBLC can help you stay away from bankruptcy and can be a great source of trust. Having an SBLC helps you in terms of doing business both on the domestic and international platform as it means that you have a good financial history with the bank and the bank trusts you. This trust helps you strengthen your business to a great level.

What is a Bank Guarantee or BG?

Bank guarantees (BG) are credit products to ensure the successful fulfillment of the commitments that your clients have contracted in future international exchanges (as a debtor or as a buyer) that if something happens for which you cannot pay them the money, the bank will make the payment in arrears against the presentation of demand in writing in the guarantee. With a bank guarantee, you can improve your business by opting for financial services from reliable banking institutions.

You can also increase your profits and make more successful deals.

However, in both cases, you must ensure that you are aware of all the terms and conditions and understand any and all investment needs. Investing the wrong way will only get you into trouble.

Now the question is whether investing in SBLC or Bank Guarantee really has any purpose.

Investing in SBLC or BG really depends on the SBLC and BG providers who provide you with various opportunities to invest in these instruments. That means the most important thing to do is to find a legitimate provider to help you with the same.

How to Sell Your House on Craigslist: Step-by-Step Instructions

With the advent of the internet comes the advent of great free advertising tools and Craigslist is one of them. For those who don’t know, Craigslist is a free online classifieds website used to buy and sell a variety of items. One area that has seen great success on Craigslist has been with real estate and millions of people advertise on Craigslist daily. Due to the high level of ad participation from other sellers to get the most out of Craigslist, you need to stand out from the rest of the ads and get attention.

What you need to have a great Craigslist listing is the following:

-> Post Title (aka your Compelling Headline) – You need to make your listing unique. As mentioned above, focus on your home’s features, benefits, and what makes your home unique to catch the eye of a potential buyer. The headline should be compelling enough to get people to click on your ad before others. Mention that your home is FSBO. People like to know this and on Craigslist this will get your listing more attention as people will like the appeal of non-real estate agents.

-> Post description (aka property information): Your ad and content should be short and to the point. Don’t go overboard with catchphrases and marketing language, people will pick up on that. Since your ad is a reflection of the home you’re trying to sell, be sure to check your spelling and proofread your ad to make sure it looks acceptable. There should be an internet web link or multiple web links from your listing that will lead a prospective buyer to your full property information page. This web link to a full information page could be your MLS listing, Facebook listing, postlet listing, or all of the above.

Your Craigslist post description should include:

1. Your name

2. Email and/or phone number

3. Home address

4. The title of your publication (compelling title). Said again.

5. Brief facts about your home (eg, number of bedrooms, number of bathrooms, single-family or multi-family dwelling, price, square footage, parking, lot size, etc.).

6. Description of the property in a couple of sentences.

7. Property features in a couple of prizes.

8. Web Links.

9. Open house information, if applicable.

10. Your contact information is indicated again.

Check out the example ad below to give you a better idea of ​​how an ad is put together.

Craigslist ad example:

Price: $250,000

Post Title: Private Lakefront Home Near Downtown Maple Grove – FSBO

Post description:

Mary Jane Doe | 555-555-5555 | Email address here

1234 Center Lane N., Maple Grove, FL

Private Lakefront Home Near Downtown Maple Grove – For Sale By Owner

3-bedroom single-family home offered for $250,000

Year of construction 2000

2,150 square feet

Bedrooms 5

Bathrooms 2 Complete

Floors 2

basically yes

Lot size 1 acre

Garage 2 Cars


These 2,150 square meters. foot home is in mint condition and has 3 bedrooms, 2 baths and a great view of the lake from the kitchen. The kitchen is open and spacious with granite countertops, stainless steel appliances, porcelain tile, and cherry cabinets. The private backyard leads to the lake, dock, fire pit and plenty of room for entertaining.


Gas forced hot air heat, central air conditioning, gas fireplace

Vaulted ceilings, lots of closets, hardwood floors, tiled kitchens and baths

Family Room, Sunroom, Dining Room, Bonus Suite, Owners Suite, Full Basement

Stainless Steel Refrigerator, Gas Range and Wall Oven, Microwave and Dishwasher

Granite Countertops, Center Island with Sink, Cherry Cabinets

Washer and dryer, cabinets, mud area

Large yard, lake, doc, fire pit

Complete description of the property:

[Web Link Here]

Virtual tour:

[Web Link Here]

-> Photos and Virtual Tour: Include some of your best professional photos so prospective buyers can see what your home looks like. As mentioned above, high-quality photos are a very important part of your listings. You should also have a link to your virtual tour so they can see what your house would feel like walking through it.

-> Call to Action: When the prospective buyer opens your ad, they should see a call to action that also compels them to call or email you. Think about it, what would make you call in an ad in your area.

-> Repost your ad daily: Craigslist ranks ads by displaying the most recent ads first or at the top of the web page visible to the viewer. So as ads continue to serve, your ad will continue to move up the list or on a subsequent page. Although many potential buyers will use search terms to find a listing, it is still beneficial to be as close to the top of the page as possible because some people view homes in most recent date order.

-> Real Estate Agent or NOT Real Estate Agent – If you put “No Real Estate Agents Please” in your ad, most real estate agents will not contact you, therefore only buyers without representation will contact you. I still subscribe to the theory that more exposure to a pool of buyers you wouldn’t otherwise have access to is better, however if you really want to try and sell your home 100% commission free you’ll want to advertise “No Realtors, please “. This can be a risky move because it will limit your pool of potential buyers, use your own judgment here.

-> Best time to post your ad: The three times of day that will give you the best possible exposure are morning, noon, and the night after dinner. Pick a time and go with him. Your ad will only be at the top for a brief moment, but all helpful tips count.

Create a Style Guide for Your Nonprofit – Avoid Audience Confusion

There’s never enough time when you’re getting communications out the door. But when two different spellings of the same word (both correct) are used in a membership drive, or the way your nonprofit is described varies from letter to letter within the drive, or your logo appears in different colors and different sizes in different places, your audience will be confused. The answer? Clearly defined style standards published in a style guide.

The problem

Due to the ubiquitous nature of advertising and promotion, we are all bombarded by communications. Facing this quagmire, you’re making it difficult for your audience to recognize, at a glance, that all of your communications are coming from your organization. Remember, we are all scanners these days.

Furthermore, those who recognize that these divergent communications are coming from you are not likely to think much of your organization or your sloppy communication effort.

Consistency is the key for your audiences to absorb your messages and for them to “whisper along the way”, repeating those messages to others. No other form of communication is as powerful as this natural network.

A style guide is a long-term solution

An easy way to ensure clear and consistent communications is to create a two- or three-page layout and editorial style guide. Everyone needs to be on the same page when it comes to getting the word out. The standards presented in your style guide will make it easy for them to do so.

A style guide will also make it unnecessary for you and your colleagues to reinvent the wheel each time, saving you a great deal of effort.

Action plan

Here’s a step-by-step plan approach to putting together or updating your style guide.

  • Spread sample communications in front of you, including the print pages of your website and your email newsletter.
  • Write down the standards that work best in the following areas. Keep your audience in mind when you do this. You will want information from communications staff or consultants.

Traditionally, style guides covered punctuation and spelling. I suggest you expand this concept to include graphic guidelines and key messages. In this way, you have a single point of reference to shape your communications.

  • Logo: Size; colors; position on the page; what elements should be included when using the logo.
  • Colors: Official colors, with exact Pantone numbers if possible (Pantone is a color numbering system used by designers and printers), and notes on how those colors should be used.
  • Words that should not be used.
  • Word style preferences (eg, website vs. website, grantmaking vs. grantmaking).
  • The title of the published grammar style guide your group uses: Communicate the title of the guide your writers should follow when deciding whether or not to insert that trailing comma, or select the correct preposition to follow the parallel word (to or with). ).

Check out these titles, talk to colleagues, and select one if you haven’t already. The best picks are:

  1. The Associated Press Style Guide
  2. The Chicago Manual of Style
  3. Words in type.

  • Talking Points for Staff and Board: Key messages that briefly cover the who, what, when, where, and how of your group, and how they should be incorporated into most communications.
  • Positioning statement: The two or three sentences that establish your position in the philanthropic world and how it should be included, together, in most communications.
  • Font (for example, all newsletter headlines are in Times Roman Bold, 14 pt.).

Put your style guide to work

Your next step is to distribute the guide and make sure staff and consultants are clear about its content. Remember to add to your guide on an ongoing basis as questions arise and preferences are determined.

Cloud reading: weather observation

In California, late fall usually means the door to Pacific storms begins to swing wide, bringing snow to the highlands. No matter where you live, the weather affects your daily life, but it’s especially important for people who spend time outdoors. Naturally, skiers and other winter sports enthusiasts will listen to the latest weather reports before heading to the heights. But once they’re slipping through the glass blanket or walking in potentially bad weather, they may not have a radio or TV or reliable cell phone service available to control the storm forecasters said was coming.

However, approaching storms hint at their imminent arrival at least several hours in advance. The following aids can help decipher those clues:

“A Field Guide to the Atmosphere” by Vincent J. Shaefer and John A. Day (Houghton Mifflin).

As the title suggests, this book is about more than weather forecasting. Like all the books in Peterson’s field guide series, its primary focus is identification; in this case, clouds, rainbows, glories, halos, and other atmospheric phenomena. For this, it has numerous drawings, in addition to 336 black and white photographs and 32 in color.

Because the atmosphere is not only something to identify, but also an ever-changing system to observe, the book devotes much space to discussing the processes that operate in the ocean of air. It’s as much for the skier wondering how a high, icy cirrus can halo the sun as it is for the snow camper who wants to know if he’ll have to get out of his tent the next morning. .

“Resisting the Wilderness” by William E. Reifsnyder (Sierra Club Books).

The subtitle of this book is “The Sierra Club Guide to Practical Meteorology.” It is written with the outdoor recreationist in mind. The first part of the book is a basic course on the why of winds and storms. Of particular interest to the future forecaster is a table that shows how different weather conditions – pressure (for which you’ll need an altimeter/barometer to measure), wind, clouds, precipitation, temperature, humidity, and visibility – change as approach systems and He passed. Incidentally, the chapter on “Weather Hazards,” especially its discussion of wind chill, hypothermia, and avalanches, should be of particular interest to the skier.

The second part deals with the general weather patterns of various regions of the United States and Canada, including the Sierra Nevada, with generally mild and wet winters producing good skiing conditions.

Pocket Weather Trends (Weather Trends Inc.)

This device is the most practical of the three forecasting aids. It looks like a simple slide rule. A slide stand has 6 boxed areas on its front with photos and descriptions of different types of clouds. Each box has eight compass directions. Each slide, one for each of several regions, has a black mark in the middle that is aligned next to the wind direction within the box that corresponds to the cloud type observed overhead. Then, in two horizontal windows, one from November to April and the other from May to October, the slide will show you the forecast for the next 12 to 36 hours.

All of these books are available on Amazon.

In addition to books or charts, there are portable weather instruments that a recreationist can take with them. Accurate measurements of weather conditions can take the guesswork out of forecasting. Companies like Kestrel, Ambient Weather, Speedtech, Weather Mate, and Davis Instruments make portable devices that can measure temperature (current, maximum, and minimum), pressure, elevation, wind speed, relative humidity, dew point, and humidity. other measures. In addition, they are all water resistant or waterproof. These are available directly from the manufacturer, recreation stores, or online.

Stairmaster Stepmill 7000 PT – So what’s the problem?

The Stairmaster Stepmill 7000 PT offers, in my opinion, the best workout you can get, whether in the gym or in your basement. Stepmill combines the ease of walking on a treadmill with an intense lower body workout. When you see the machine in the gym, you will notice that this piece of equipment is usually the largest exercise machine, but don’t let this size intimidate you from using this fantastic exercise machine.

I must be honest and mention that prior to my review I had never given the Stairmaster Stepmill 7000 PT a second look because I really didn’t understand how to use the machine and didn’t want to look like an idiot trying to use this. piece of gym equipment.

Boy was I wrong, this machine is very easy to use and provides detailed feedback on your workout. You can walk between 24 and 162 steps per minute and there’s a quick start button that makes getting on and off a breeze. Be careful though because if you haven’t used this machine when you click the quick start button you will need to program the initial speed of your steps and I automatically made the machine run at 100 steps per minute, big mistake. I quickly slowed down, which is very easy to do on this machine, to about 40 steps per minute.

This allows you to warm up at a decent pace without killing yourself and at first you don’t think the workout is really anything special. She feels like she’s walking up a bunch of stairs and within 5 minutes she really starts to feel the burn in her lower legs. It’s not a serious burn where you feel pain, a burn where you can feel muscles working in areas where muscles haven’t been used before. On the LED screen right in front of you, a list of your facts is constantly displayed. Everything from the number of steps you’ve taken to the number of floors you’ve climbed to the equivalent of miles walked.

The Stairmaster Stepmill 7000 PT also provides a heart rate monitor so you can stay in your comfort zone or challenge yourself. I was pleasantly surprised and have now added a new piece of gym equipment to my arsenal of training machines. This has now dwarfed all my other training machines because I didn’t have the knee pain that I had on the treadmill and I burned almost twice as many calories as I did on the elliptical for the same amount of time.

So the next time you hit the gym or are looking to invest in a great training machine, give the Stairmaster 7000 PT a try and I think you’ll absolutely enjoy the benefits for years to come, now get out there and work out.

Tips on where to buy wheatgrass

If you’ve been wanting to make your own wheatgrass juice at home, but aren’t sure where to find wheatgrass, then you’re in luck because we have the answer you’re looking for. There are a number of places where you can buy wheatgrass juice and you’ve probably known about them all along but not realised.

One of the main places you can buy wheatgrass is at a health food store. There are a number of natural food stores around, both chain and franchise, and local health food stores for moms and dads where you’ll find wheatgrass to make the juice you need. One of the most popular health food stores that you can visit is GNC. This carrier store has a number of health products, and it must also have a section where you can buy wheatgrass.

You may also want to go to your local health food store, which may not necessarily be a reputable store, to look for wheatgrass. Just walk in and ask any store clerk if they have wheatgrass and they should be able to point you in the right direction.

Another option you have for buying wheatgrass is not to buy it in its raw form, but to buy it in powder form. The benefits of buying wheatgrass in powder form include the fact that the powder can be kept for longer periods of time, and the wheatgrass powder can be mixed with other juices and beverages so you can enjoy the benefits of wheatgrass. wheatgrass without having to spend time creating the juice.

If you’re considering buying wheatgrass powder instead of the actual grass, chances are you can buy it online or you can probably check your local health food store to buy it there as well.

Finally, you can also check out grocery stores or Asian markets because many times they will have wheatgrass and many other types of organic foods. Of course, this will only be possible if you have an Asian market, or any type of health food store, in your local area.

Juicing wheatgrass can be an exciting and highly rewarding activity when it comes to your health, and finding wheatgrass for you to juice doesn’t have to be a difficult task. Hopefully you’ve gotten an idea of ​​where you can find wheatgrass so you can make your own juice.

An example of financing a letter of credit using warehouse receipts

The example involves a grain trader in Minnesota who purchases a shipment of grain from a producer and then plans to resell the same grain to a buyer in the Middle East. Using what is called the “warehouse receipt financing” method, the Minnesota merchant purchases the grain and “deposits” it in a recognized public warehouse and, in return, receives a warehouse receipt, identifying, among other things, the type of grain, its quality, quantity and the date it was received in the warehouse. The merchant takes this deposit receipt to his bank as proof of ownership and, assuming everything is in order, the bank will make a loan to the merchant, a loan based on the estimated market value of the grain, less a percentage amount (a sometimes called a “haircut”). The merchant then contacts the buyer in the Middle East, who agrees to purchase the goods from the seller’s public warehouse in Minnesota.

The L/C mechanism in this case is as follows:-

1. The contract of sale is agreed between the Minnesota seller and the Middle Eastern buyer and both parties agree to do business on the basis of a letter of credit.

2. The buyer asks his bank to issue an L/C. This bank is the issuing bank. The L/C specifies that the seller must present certain documents to the bank before receiving payment and, in this case, the main documentary requirement is the deposit receipt.

3. The issuing bank notifies the seller through the correspondent bank (advising bank) by SWIFT and then sends the original letter of credit to the seller.

4. The seller presents his bank with a bill of exchange (giro) based on the conditions of the L/C together with the deposit receipt and requests the negotiation.

5. The seller’s bank verifies the conditions of the L/C and the deposit receipt document. If the terms of the L/C are determined to be consistent with the documents, the seller’s bank pays the seller. However, the seller must be very careful as the bank cannot pay the bill of exchange if there is any discrepancy between the conditions of the L/C and the documents provided by the seller. If a discrepancy occurs, the seller has to inform the buyer and ask him to apply to the issuing bank for an amendment of the L/C accordingly.

The rules for letter of credit transactions are comprehensively addressed in the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) rules called “UCP 600”, which were updated this year.

For more information on developing Depository Receipts, Letters of Credit, or UCP 600, please contact the author of this article, Daniel Day-Robinson, Day Robinson International (UK) +44 1392 271222 or [email protected]